Who needs Electric Vehicle training?
As we transition to increased use of electric vehicles, the skills needed by different industries will have to adapt, in response to the different hazards and potential accidents related to electric vehicles.
Using Faraday Insight research, we take a look at valuable insights highlighting the reskilling that should be taking place in the coming years.
Electric vehicles are largely safe. Electric vehicles are built with multiple safety systems to protect passengers and fires associated with the vehicle are rare.
However, despite the relative safety of such vehicles, electric vehicles present unique dangers should accidents arise.
For example, electric vehicles have the potential to:
- Emit significant levels of heat, far more than convenional petrol/diesel vehicles
- Emit heat in a single direction
- Produce large volumes of toxic gases
- Reignite after reportedly being exhausted
Hence, it is critical that workforces in contact with electric vehicles receive adequate training to tackle the current reskilling gap currently facing key sectors. These include, in particular, the emergency services, the Roadside & Recovery industry, and the wider automotive industry.
What skills does the workforce need when working with Electric Vehicles?
We draw from Faraday Insights, identifying the key reskilling requirements needed across the industry.
Relevant emergency services personnel should be able to:
Be able to Identify an Electric Vehicle by make and model
Have the skills to safely disable a high-voltage system and backup power supply by using the vehicle's emergency disconnect capabilities
Be able to fight a high-voltage battery fire
Avoid the no-cut extrication zones of the Electric Vehicle. These are areas where emergency personnel must not tamper with whether or not they are freeing an individual(s) from an electric vehicle.
Judge when a vehicle is safe to be transferred to a second responder
Relevant Vehicle Mechanics should be able to:
Be able to effectively repair a high-voltage vehicle
Execute diagnostic testing
Replace the lithium-ion battery of an electric vehicle safely and efficiently
Relevant Automotive Sales Personnel should be able to:
Identify the hazards and risks relating to the operating of an Electric Vehicle, and be able to pass this information the customer
Altogether, to ensure the emergency services and automotive sector hold these relevant skills when facing Electric Vehicles, it is vital that they receive Electric Vehicle training.
There is currently a significant training gap, as shown in the pie chart below. Let's take a look at the number of vehicle technicians in the UK. Currently, there are 182,000 vehicle technicians in the UK. Only 11% are qualified in working with Electric Vehicles, let alone less than 6% of the 182,000 vehicle technicians trained in a Level 3 or Level 4 Electric Vehicle qualification.
Which sectors need Electric Vehicle Training the most?
Electric Vehicle Training for the Fire Service
The Fire Service will be at the frontline of potential accidents relating to Electric Vehicles. This is because the UK's firemen and women may need to more frequently extinguish lithium-ion battery fires, discharging high-voltage batteries and extricate individuals from Electric Vehicles.
Approximately 80% of the UK's 55,000-strong Fire Service personnel will need Electric Vehicle retraining to some degree.
Skills the Fire & Rescue Service may need to be taught in include:
- The fundamentals of Electric & Hybrid Vehicles
- Basic concepts of electricity and electrical components
- The Electric Vehicle system and charging station concept
- Approaches to identifying Electric Vehicles swiftly and accurately
- Using the vehicle's emergency disconnect capabilities cautiously
- Fighting Electric Vehicle and battery fires and fumes
- Rescuing individuals trapped in Electric vehicles underwater
- Dealing with High-voltage battery damage
- Use relevant technology appropriately and effectively e.g. Moditech's Crash Recovery System System
Electric Vehicle Training for the Police Force
Although Police officers are critical in first responder situations concerning Electric Vehicles, they are neither qualified nor responsible for extricating individuals from vehicles or mitigating vehicle fires, hence are judged second priority when it comes to extensive Electric Vehicle training.
Nevertheless, core Electric Vehicle training for the Police Force is critical. 60% of the UK's 150,000-strong police personnel will need reskilling in EV training.
Electric Vehicle Training for the police should include:
- Distinguishing Electric Vehicles from other types of vehicles
- Recognising risks associated with high-voltage Electric Vehicle systems
Electric Vehicle Training for the Police should have a greater focus on protecting themselves and others from harm, rather than directly recovering individuals during the accident.
Electric Vehicle Training for the Ambulance Services
Ambulance personnel are judged third priority in Electric Vehicle reskilling efforts, given they do not need to deal with the Electric Vehicles directly. However, ambulance personnel would be in close proximity to the Electric vehicles.
Hence, it remains critical that their medical, operational and clinical training is adapted to incidents involving Electric Vehicles.
Approximately 80% of the UK's 55-000 strong ambulance personnel will need upskilling in Electric Vehicle incidents.
Electric Vehicle Training for ambulance personnel should include:
- Understand how the Electric Vehicle operates
- Recognise high-voltage risks relating to Electric Vehicles at an accident scene
- Refresher training on how to treat electric shock
- Training on how to treat Chemical burns and inhalation
Electric Vehicle Training for Vehicle Mechanics
Automotive technicians have been judged fourth priority. This is because they largely deal with Electric Vehicles in situations where human life is not directly endangered. Furthermore, although vehicle dealerships are likely to receive Electric Vehicle training by the automotive manufacturer directly, the training gap would likely remain with independent vehicle mechanic operators.
Independent operators would need to invest in relevant skills and equipment to meet developing vehicle technology.
Electric vehicle training for automotive technicians should include:
- Prevent injury when working with Electric Vehicles
- Understanding of the electric vehicle and hybrid systems and components
- Approaches to carrying out routine maintenance activities effectively relating to Electric Vehicle training
- Safely transporting and storing Electric Vehicles
- Working with live high-voltage electric vehicle systems and components
Electric Vehicle Training for Automotive Dealers
Automotive Dealers have been judged least priority in terms of extensive Electric Vehicle training as they are unlikely to deal with vehicles in an emergency situation or requiring urgent repair.
Nevertheless, basic Electric Vehicle training is critical, given that they are responsible for conveying accurate information to a purchaser looking to buy an Electric Vehicle.
Electric Vehicle training for sales personnel should include:
- Identifying key components in the Electric Vehicle
- Powering up and down Electric vehicles safely
- How to best maintain an Electric vehicle and its battery
- Safe and Effective self-servicing and maintaining of the Electric vehicle
Do you need approved and accredited Electric Vehicle Training?
Click below to find your relevant Electric Vehicle Training course.
✓ Getting DCPC Qualified
All individuals driving vehicles carrying goods, materials or passengers on commercial terms are required to hold a DCPC.
As an AWARE Series course, this course can act as 1 of your 5 7-hour modules as part of the mandatory 35-hour period training you are required to do every 5 years to keep your DCPC.
✓ Basic Electric Vehicle Training
This course helps you understand technologies available, how to power up and down systems safely.
✓ A Roadside & Recovery Professional
Emphasis placed on the safely isolating the vehicle before loading and/or recovering the vehicle. Great for Roadside & Recovery Training.
This course is excellent if you're:
✓ A Roadside & Recovery Professional
Gain the required knowledge to work safely around Electric/Hybrid Vehicles which may have or had damage to their high energy/electrical systems
✓ Learn with Network Training Partnership: The founder of AWARE Series
Network Training Partnership can deliver this course. Network Training Partnership (NTP) is setting the standards in the automotive and logistics industry. Their courses are both designed and delivered by industry experts, going above and beyond the industry expectations.